Vitamin D and brain health: an observational and Mendelian randomization study

Navale, S. S., Mulugeta, A., Zhou, A., Llewellyn, D. J. & Hyppönen, E. Vitamin D and brain health: an observational and Mendelian randomization study. Am J Clin Nutrition 116, nqac107- (2022). ABSTRACT Background: Higher vitamin D status has been suggested to have beneficial effects on the brain. Objectives: To investigate the association between 25- hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], neuroimaging features, and …

Progressive Resistance Training for Concomitant Increases in Muscle Strength and Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

O’Bryan, S. J. et al. Progressive Resistance Training for Concomitant Increases in Muscle Strength and Bone Mineral Density in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine 52, 1939–1960 (2022). Abstract Background Older adults experience considerable muscle and bone loss that are closely interconnected. The efficacy of progressive resistance training programs to concurrently reverse/slow the age-related decline in muscle …

Submaximal Fitness Tests in Team Sports: A Theoretical Framework for Evaluating Physiological State

Shushan, T. et al. Submaximal Fitness Tests in Team Sports: A Theoretical Framework for Evaluating Physiological State. Sports Med 1–22 (2022) Abstract Team-sports staff often administer non-exhaustive exercise assessments with a view to evaluating physiological state, to inform decision making on athlete management (e.g., future training or recovery). Submaximal fitness tests have become prominent in team-sports settings for observing responses …

Physical activity as a protective factor for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: systematic review, meta-analysis and quality assessment of cohort and case–control studies

Iso-Markku, P. et al. Physical activity as a protective factor for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease: systematic review, meta-analysis and quality assessment of cohort and case–control studies. Brit J Sport Med 56, 701–709 (2022) Abstract Objective Physical activity (PA) is associated with a decreased incidence of dementia, but much of the evidence comes from short follow-ups prone to reverse causation. This …

Clinical versus MRI grading of the medial collateral ligament in acute knee injury

Brown, J et al. Clinical versus MRI grading of the medial collateral ligament in acute knee injury. Research in Sports Medicine, ahead of print, 2022, 1-5. Abstract Sensitivity, specificity, and agreement between clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gradings of the medial collateral ligament (MCL) after acute knee injury were evaluated in 362 patients. Ninety-seven per cent were injured during …