The prognostic value of the hamstring outcome score to predict the risk of hamstring injuries

van de Hoef, PA et al. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 24 (2021) 641–646


Objectives: Hamstring injuries are common among soccer players. The hamstring outcome score (HaOS) might be useful to identify amateur players at risk of hamstring injury. Therefore the aims of this study were: To determine the association between the HaOS and prior and new hamstring injuries in amateur soccer players, and to determine the prognostic value of the HaOS for identifying players with or without previous hamstring injuries at risk of future injury.

Design: Cohort study.

Methods: HaOS scores and information about previous injuries were collected at baseline and new injuries were prospectively registered during a cluster-randomized controlled trial involving 400 amateur soccer players. Analysis of variance and t-tests were used to determine the association between the HaOS and previous and new hamstring injury, respectively. Logistic regression analysis indicated the prognostic value of the HaOS for predicting new hamstring injuries.
Results: Analysis of data of 356 players indicated that lower HaOS scores were associated with more previous hamstring injuries (F = 17.4; p = 0.000) and that players with lower HaOS scores sustained more new hamstring injuries (T = 3.59, df = 67.23, p = 0.001). With a conventional HaOS score cut-off of 80%, logistic regression models yielded a probability of hamstring injuries of 11%, 18%, and 28% for players with 0,1, or 2 hamstring injuries in the previous season, respectively.
Conclusions: The HaOS is associated with previous and future hamstring injury and might be a useful tool to provide players with insight into their risk of sustaining a new hamstring injury risk when used in combination with previous injuries.