Chronic changes in muscle architecture and aponeurosis structure following calf muscle strain injuries

B. Nielsen L, B. Svensson R, U. Fredskild N, et al. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2023;33:2585-2597 Background Muscle strain injuries in the human calf muscles are frequent sports injuries with high recurrence. Potential structural and functional changes in the medial head of the musculus gastrocnemius (GM) and the associated aponeurosis are not well documented. Purpose To test whether a …

Risk Factors for Concussion in Under 18, Under 22 and Professional Men’s Rugby Union: A Video Analysis of 14,809 Tackles

Kawasaki, T., Kawakami, Y., Nojiri, S. et al. Sports Med – Open 9, 95 (2023) This study aimed to identify the risk factors for tackle-related concussion observed in matches involving under (U) 18, U 22 and professional men’s Rugby Union players through video analysis. Study Design- Descriptive epidemiology study. Twenty Rugby Union matches each for high school (U18), university/college (U22) and professional …

The association of adolescent fitness with cardiometabolic diseases in late adulthood: A 45‐year longitudinal study

Laakso, P. T. T., Ortega, F. B., Huotari, P., Tolvanen, A. J., Kujala, U. M. & Jaakkola, T. T. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports (2023). doi:10.1111/sms.14529 The aim of this study was to examine the associations of adolescent cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), muscular fitness (MF), and speed-agility fitness (SA) with middle-aged cardiometabolic disease risk and explore sex differences. This 45-year prospective …

Sports-related factors predicting maintained participation and dropout in organized sports in emerging adulthood: A four-year follow-up study

Rinta‐Antila, K., Koski, P., Aira, T., Heinonen, O. J., Korpelainen, R., Parkkari, J., Savonen, K., Toivo, K., Uusitalo, A., Valtonen, M., Vasankari, T., Villberg, J. J. & Kokko, S. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports (2023).  This study explored sports-related factors predicting organized sports participation in emerging adulthood. In the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) study, 354 sports club participants …

Review of the scientific rationale, development and validation of the International Olympic Committee Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport Clinical Assessment Tool: V.2 (IOC REDs CAT2)—by a subgroup of the IOC consensus on REDs

Stellingwerff T, Mountjoy M, McCluskey WT, et al. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2023;57:1109-1118. Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (REDs) has various different risk factors, numerous signs and symptoms and is heavily influenced by one’s environment. Accordingly, there is no singular validated diagnostic test. This 2023 International Olympic Committee’s REDs Clinical Assessment Tool—V.2 (IOC REDs CAT2) implements a three-step process of: (1) initial screening; (2) severity/risk …

A Systematic Review on the Effectiveness of Eyewear in Reducing the Incidence and Severity of Eye Injuries in Racket Sports

James F.D. Mazarelo, Samantha L. Winter & Daniel T.P. Fong (2023) The Physician and Sports medicine, ahead of print   To assess what eyewear (if any) reduces eye injury incidence and severity in squash, racketball, tennis and badminton. Systematic review following the ‘Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses’ (PRISMA) and the ‘implementing Prisma in Exercise, Rehabilitation, Sport medicine and …

Menstrual cycle characteristics, perceived impact on performance, and barriers to communication: Perspectives of high‐performance adolescent athletes in Singapore.

Taim, B. C. et al. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports (2023) The purpose of this study was to examine the menstrual cycle (MC) characteristics, explore the impact on performance, and identify barriers to and facilitators of MC-related communication among high-performance female adolescent athletes in Singapore. Ninety athletes (15.4 ± 1.8 years) from multiple sports completed an online questionnaire. Eighty-four athletes were postmenarcheal (menarcheal …

Efficacy of topical versus oral analgesic medication compared to a placebo in injured athletes: A systematic review with meta-analysis

Nudo, S., Jimenez‐Garcia, J. A. & Dover, G. Scand. J. Med. Sci. Sports 33, 1884–1900 (2023). Athletes are injured frequently and often take analgesic medication. Moreover, athletes commonly use non-prescription topical and oral medications with little guidance. Despite wide use, relatively few studies exist on the efficacy of pain medication in injured athletes compared to a placebo. Objective To determine …

The Fine-Tuning Approach for Training Monitoring

Boullosa, D. et al. Int. J. Sports Physiol. Perform. 1–6 (2023) Monitoring is a fundamental part of the training process to guarantee that the programmed training loads are executed by athletes and result in the intended adaptations and enhanced performance. A number of monitoring tools have emerged during the last century in sport. These tools capture different facets (eg, psychophysiological, physical, …

Self-reported walking pace: A simple screening tool with lowest risk of all-cause mortality in those that ‘walk the talk’

Rowlands, A. V. et al. J. Sports Sci. 41, 333–341 (2023). To determine whether the association between self-reported walking pace and all-cause mortality (ACM) persists across categories of accelerometer-assessed physical activity status. Data from 93,709 UK Biobank participants were included. Physical activity was assessed using wrist-worn accelerometers for 7-days. Participants accumulating <150 min/week moderate-to-vigorous- activity were classed as “inactive”, ≥150 …