Benefits and Harms of Interventions With Surgery Compared to Interventions Without Surgery for Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis

Skou, S. T. et al. Benefits and Harms of Interventions With Surgery Compared to Interventions Without Surgery for Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Systematic Review With Meta-analysis. J Orthop Sport Phys 52, 312–344 (2022). Abstract Objective: To estimate the benefits and harms of interventions with and without surgery for musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. Design: Intervention systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials …

The Connection Between Physical Exercise and Gut Microbiota: Implications for Competitive Sports Athletes

Wegierska, A. E. et al. The Connection Between Physical Exercise and Gut Microbiota: Implications for Competitive Sports Athletes. Sports Med 1–15 (2022) Abstract: Gut microbiota refers to those microorganisms in the human digestive tract that display activities fundamental in human life. With at least 4 million different bacterial types, the gut microbiota is composed of bacteria that are present at …

Putting the Squeeze on Compression Garments: Current Evidence and Recommendations for Future Research: A Systematic Scoping Review

Weakley, J. et al. Putting the Squeeze on Compression Garments: Current Evidence and Recommendations for Future Research: A Systematic Scoping Review. Sports Med 52, 1141–1160 (2022). Abstract Background Compression garments are regularly worn during exercise to improve physical performance, mitigate fatigue responses, and enhance recovery. However, evidence for their efficacy is varied and the methodological approaches and outcome measures used within …

Return-to-play and performance after operative treatment of Achilles tendon rupture in elite male athletes: a scoping review 

LaPrade CM, Chona DV, Cinque ME, et al. Return-to-play and performance after operative treatment of Achilles tendon rupture in elite male athletes: a scoping review. Br J Sports Med 2022;56:515–520. Abstract Objective: To examine the current evidence regarding return-to-play (RTP) and performance after Achilles tendon rupture in elite athletes treated with operative intervention. Design Scoping review: Data sources Published sources identified through …

Integrative Proposals of Sports Monitoring: Subjective Outperforms Objective Monitoring

Montull, L., Slapšinskaitė-Dackevičienė, A., Kiely, J., Hristovski, R. & Balagué, N. Integrative Proposals of Sports Monitoring: Subjective Outperforms Objective Monitoring. Sports Medicine – Open 8, 41 (2022). Abstract Current trends in sports monitoring are characterized by the massive collection of tech‑based biomechanical, physiological and performance data, integrated through mathematical algorithms. However, the application of algorithms, predicated on mechanistic assumptions of …

Overtraining Syndrome Symptoms and Diagnosis in Athletes: Where Is the Research? A Systematic Review

Weakley, J., Halson, S. L. & Mujika, I. Overtraining Syndrome Symptoms and Diagnosis in Athletes: Where Is the Research? A Systematic Review. Int J Sport Physiol 1–7 (2022) Abstract Hott A, Brox JI, Pripp AH, Context: To understand overtraining syndrome (OTS), it is important to detail the physiological and psychological changes that occur in athletes. Objectives: To systematically establish and …

Muscle-strengthening activities are associated with lower risk and mortality in major non-communicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies

Momma, H., Kawakami, R., Honda, T. & Sawada, S. S. Muscle-strengthening activities are associated with lower risk and mortality in major non-communicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Brit J Sport Med bjsports-2021-105061 (2022) Abstract Objective To quantify the associations between muscle-strengthening activities and the risk of non-communicable diseases and mortality in adults independent of aerobic activities. …

Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimming

orn, D.-P., Lomax, I., Rüeger, E. & Romann, M. Normative data and percentile curves for long-term athlete development in swimming. J Sci Med Sport 25, 266–271 (2022). Abstract Objectives:  To provide normative data and establish percentile curves for long-course (50 m pool length) swimming events and to compare progression of race times longitudinally for the various swimming strokes and race distances. …

Platelet-rich plasma injection for tennis elbow: did it ever work?

Karjalainen T, Richards B, Buchbinder R. Platelet-rich plasmainjection for tennis elbow: did it ever work? BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine 2022;8:e001258.   Abstract Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a commonly used treatment for tendinopathies such as tennis elbow despite the questionable evidence of its efficacy. A recent Cochrane review suggests that it likely does not provide clinically meaningful benefits in …

24-Hour Physical Behavior Balance for Better Health for All: “The Sweet-Spot Hypothesis”

Holtermann, A., Rasmussen, C.L., Hallman, D.M. et al. 24-Hour Physical Behavior Balance for Better Health for All: “The Sweet-Spot Hypothesis”. Sports Med – Open 7, 98 (2021). Abstract “Sit less–move more” has been the univocal advice to adults for better health. Predominantly, this advice is based on research of physical behaviors during leisure-time. A recent study among > 100,000 adults indicates a u-shaped association between leisure-time physical …