Monitoring and adapting endurance training on the basis of heart rate variability monitored by wearable technologies: A systematic review with meta-analysis

A systematic review with meta-analysis – Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2021 – published ahead of print. Düking et al. Abstract Background: Monitoring heart rate variability (HRV) as an indicator of daily variations in the functioning of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) may assist in individualizing endurance training to produce more pronounced physiological adaptations in performance. Aims: To …

The Underrepresentation of Females in Studies Assessing the Impact of High-Dose Exercise on Cardiovascular Outcomes: a Scoping Review

Patel et al. Sports Medicine – Open (2021) Abstract High-dose exercise-induced cardiac outcomes may vary between sexes. However, many studies investigating the cardiovascular effects of high-dose exercise have excluded or under-recruited females. This scoping review aimed to describe the recruitment of females in studies assessing the impact of high-dose exercise on cardiovascular outcomes and describe how this has changed over …

Effectiveness of treatments for acute and subacute mechanical non-specific low back pain: a systematic review with network meta-analysis

Gianola S, Bargeri S, Del Castillo G, et al British Journal of Sports Medicine  Published Online First: 13 April 2021.  Abstract Objective To assess the effectiveness of interventions for acute and subacute non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) based on pain and disability outcomes. Design A systematic review of the literature with network meta-analysis. Data sources Medline, Embase and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception until 17 October 2020. Eligibility criteria …

Do smartphone applications and activity trackers increase physical activity in adults? Systematic review, meta-analysis and metaregression

Correspondence to Dr Liliana Laranjo, Faculty of Medicine and Health – Westmead Applied Research Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2113, Australia, Laranjo, L., Ding, D., Heleno, B., Kocaballi, B., Quiroz, J. C., Tong, H. L., et al. (2021). British Journal of Sports Medicine, 55(8), 422–432. Abstract Objective: To determine the effectiveness of physical activity interventions involving mobile applications (apps) …

Concussion in para sport: the first position statement of the Concussion in Para Sport (CIPS) Group

Weiler R, Blauwet C, Clarke D, Correspondence to Professor Evert Verhagen, Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, Noord Holland, The Netherlands Abstract Concussion is a frequent injury in many sports and is also common in para athletes. However, there is a paucity of concussion research related to para sport, and prior International Concussion in Sport (CIS) consensus papers have not substantively addressed this …

Recommendations for Hamstring Function Recovery After ACL Reconstruction

Buckthorpe, M., Danelon, F., La Rosa, G., Nanni, G., Stride, M., & Villa, Della, F. (2020). Sports Medicine, 51(4), 607–624. Abstract It is important to optimise the functional recovery process to enhance patient outcomes after major injury such as anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). This requires in part more high-quality original research, but also an approach to translate existing research …

running

Running behaviour and symptoms of respiratory tract infection during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Cloosterman K.L.A et al. A large prospective Dutch cohort study Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport , Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 24 (2021) 332–337 ABSTRACT Objectives: To explore changes in running behavior due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, assess presence of symptoms suggestive for COVID-19 and identify whether there is an association between running behavior …

Skeletal anabolism

Can High-Intensity Interval Training Promote Skeletal Muscle Anabolism

Callahan, M. J., Parr, E. B., Hawley, J. A., & Camera, D. M. (2021). Sports Medicine, 51(3), 405–421. Abstract Exercise training in combination with optimal nutritional support is an effective strategy to maintain or increase skeletal muscle mass. A single bout of resistance exercise undertaken with adequate protein availability increases rates of muscle protein synthesis and, when repeated over weeks …

coaching

Factors Influencing the Association Between Coach and Athlete Rating of Exertion: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Paul, D., Read, P., Farooq, A., & Jones, L. (2021) ABSTRACT Background: Subjective monitoring of rate of perceived exertion is common practice in many sports. Typically, the information is used to understand the training load and at times modify forthcoming sessions. Identifying the relationship between the athlete and coach’s interpretation of training would likely further benefit understanding load management. The …