Platelet-rich plasma injection for tennis elbow: did it ever work?

Karjalainen T, Richards B, Buchbinder R. Platelet-rich plasmainjection for tennis elbow: did it ever work? BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine 2022;8:e001258.   Abstract Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a commonly used treatment for tendinopathies such as tennis elbow despite the questionable evidence of its efficacy. A recent Cochrane review suggests that it likely does not provide clinically meaningful benefits in …

24-Hour Physical Behavior Balance for Better Health for All: “The Sweet-Spot Hypothesis”

Holtermann, A., Rasmussen, C.L., Hallman, D.M. et al. 24-Hour Physical Behavior Balance for Better Health for All: “The Sweet-Spot Hypothesis”. Sports Med – Open 7, 98 (2021). Abstract “Sit less–move more” has been the univocal advice to adults for better health. Predominantly, this advice is based on research of physical behaviors during leisure-time. A recent study among > 100,000 adults indicates a u-shaped association between leisure-time physical …

Risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission from on-field player contacts in amateur, youth and professional football (soccer)

Schreiber S, Faude O, Gärtner B, et al. Abstract Objective To investigate the risk of transmission among potentially infectious SARS-CoV-2-positive football players while participating in training or matches at amateur, youth and professional levels. Methods  Between August 2020 and March 2021, football players who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and participated in matches or training during the period of potential contagiousness were …

Elite athletes with COVID-19 ~ Predictors of the course of disease

Krzywański, J et al. Elite athletes with COVID-19 — Predictors of the course of disease. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25 (2022) 9–14.   ABSTRACT Objectives: The aim of the study was to identify predictors determining the course of COVID-19 and antibody response in elite athletes.Design: Observational study.Methods: Routine medical screening with physical examination, resting ECG, and laboratory …

Protective Effects of Exercise on Cognition and Brain Health in Older Adults

Tyndall, A. V. et al. Protective Effects of Exercise on Cognition and Brain Health in Older Adults. Exercise Sport Sci R 46, 215–223 (2018). Key Points  Postmaturation aging is accompanied by many adverse changes including physiological measures (i.e., decreases in physical fitness and cerebrovascular function), biomarkers (i.e., increases in oxidative stress), and psychological (i.e., mood changes) and lifestyle (i.e., smoking …

Managing Travel Fatigue and Jet Lag in Athletes: A Review and Consensus Statement

Janse van Rensburg, D. C. et al. Managing Travel Fatigue and Jet Lag in Athletes: A Review and Consensus Statement. Sports Med 51, 2029–2050 (2021). Abstract Athletes are increasingly required to travel domestically and internationally, often resulting in travel fatigue and jet lag. Despite considerable agreement that travel fatigue and jet lag can be a real and impactful issue for …

The Male Athlete Triad—A Consensus Statement From the Female and Male Athlete Triad Coalition Part 1: Definition and Scientific Basis

Abstract The Male Athlete Triad is a syndrome of 3 interrelated conditions most common in adolescent and young adult male endurance and weight-class athletes and includes the clinically relevant outcomes of (1) energy deficiency/low energy availability (EA) with or without disordered eating/eating disorders, (2) functional hypothalamic hypogonadism, and (3) osteoporosis or low bone mineral density with or without bone stress …

High-Intensity Interval Training in Older Adults: a Scoping Review

Marriott, C. F. S., Petrella, A. F. M., Marriott, E. C. S., Silva, N. C. B. S. & Petrella, Sports Medicine – Open 7, 49 (2021). Abstract High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is an increasingly popular form of aerobic exercise which includes bouts of high-intensity exercise interspersed with periods of rest. The health benefits, risks, and optimal design of HIIT are …

Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S): Shared Pathways, Symptoms and Complexities

Stellingwerff, T. et al. Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S): Shared Pathways, Symptoms and Complexities. Sports Med 1–30 (2021). Abstract The symptom similarities between training-overload (with or without an Overtraining Syndrome (OTS) diagnosis) and Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) are significant, with both initiating from a hypothalamic–pituitary origin, that can be influenced by low carbohydrate …