Are all hamstring injuries equal? A retrospective analysis of time to return to full training following BAMIC type ‘c’ and T-junction injuries in professional men’s rugby union

Kerin F, O’Flanagan S, Coyle J, et al. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2024;34:e14586. We aimed to determine whether the anatomical location (intramuscular tendon or T-Junction) of hamstring muscle injuries in professional men’s rugby union associates with a prolonged time to return to full training and a higher rate of re-injury/subsequent injury. We reviewed the medical records of an Irish …

Relationships of Total and Domain-Specific Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity with All-Cause and Disease-Specific Mortality.

Kikuchi H et al Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 56(3):p 520-527, March 2024. | Purpose  This study aimed to investigate the relationships of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with all-cause and disease-specific mortality. We also investigated how the association between MVPA at leisure time (LT-MVPA) and health outcomes differs at different MVPA at work (WT-MVPA) levels. Methods  The 81,601 …

Initial Assessment and Management of Select Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Team Physician Consensus Statement

Herring, S et al 56(3):p 385-401, March 2024. Musculoskeletal injuries occur frequently in sport during practice, training, and competition. Injury assessment and management are common responsibilities for the team physician. Initial Assessment and Management of Musculoskeletal Injury—A Team Physician Consensus Statement is title 23 in a series of annual consensus documents written for the practicing team physician. This statement was …

To achieve the unachievable—Patients’ experiences of opting for delayed anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction after trying rehabilitation alone as primary treatment: A qualitative study

Simonsson R,  Magnusson C,  Piussi R, et al.   Scand J Med Sci Sports.  2024; 34:e14569. Introduction About 50% of patients who sustain an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury are treated without ACL reconstruction (ACL-R). A significant proportion of these patients opt for late ACL-R. Patients’ experience of changing treatment has not yet been investigated and presented in the scientific literature. Aim To explore patients’ experiences before and …

Direct and indirect impact of low energy availability on sports performance

Melin AK, Areta JL, Heikura IA, Stellingwerff T, Torstveit MK, Hackney AC. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2024;34:e14327 Low  energy  availability  (LEA)  occurs  inadvertently  and  purposefully  in  many  athletes  across  numerous  sports;  and  well  planned,  supervised  periods  with  moderate  LEA  can  improve  body  composition  and  power  to  weight  ratio  possibly enhancing performance in some sports. LEA however has the potential …

Can we reduce injury risk during the adolescent growth spurt? An iterative sequence of prevention in male academy footballers

Johnson, D., Williams, S., Bradley, B. & Cumming, S. P. Ann. Hum. Biol. 50, 452–460 (2023).  Background: The adolescent growth spurt is associated with an increased risk of injury in young athletes. Aim: This study aimed to use an interdisciplinary collaboration between technical coaches, sports scientists, and medical staff to mitigate this risk. Subjects and methods: 77 male academy footballers …

Development of a Standardised System to Classify Injury-Inciting Circumstances in Football: the Football Injury Inciting Circumstances Classification System (FIICCS)

Aiello, F., McCall, A., Brown, S.J. et al.  Sports Med 53, 1805–1818 (2023). A comprehensive examination of the sport-specific activities and circumstances being performed at the time of injury is important to hypothesise mechanisms, develop prevention strategies and inform future investigations. Results reported in the literature are inconsistent because inciting activities are reported using different classifications. Hence the aim was to develop …

Carbohydrate Nutrition and Skill Performance in Soccer

Rollo, I., Williams, C. Sports Med53 (Suppl 1), 7–14 (2023). In soccer, players must perform a variety of sport-specific skills usually during or immediately after running, often at sprint speed. The quality of the skill performed is likely influenced by the volume of work done in attacking and defending over the duration of the match. Even the most highly skillful players …

Estimating the Relationship Between the Symptom-Free Waiting Period and Injury Rates After Return-to-Play from Concussion: A Simulation Analysis Using CARE Consortium Data

Garcia, G.-G. P., et al. Sports Med. 53, 2513–2528 (2023). Background: A key component of return-to-play (RTP) from sport-related concussion is the symptom-free waiting period (SFWP), i.e., the period during which athletes must remain symptom-free before permitting RTP. Yet, the exact relationship between SFWP and post-RTP injury rates is unclear. Objective: We design computational simulations to estimate the relationship between …